How to Reduce Your Energy Bill with Proper Electrical Services

Property owners have a lot on their plate, and they try to keep the costs of running their homes on the lower side. The unexpected always happens with breakdowns and damages cropping up requiring emergency electrical services. The efficient function of an electrical system significantly affects a home’s spending on power.

Prevention always works best, and with electrical systems, you want to nip the problem in the bud with timely electrical repairs and maintenance. Here are some of the electrical services that can help to reduce your spending on power.

Upgrade your Electrical System

Older houses feature older outdated electrical systems that need upgrading. Efficient electrical wiring ensures that circuits receive the right amount of power. The power supply is necessary because too much of it could damage the appliances that cannot handle voltage fluctuations. When the supply is inefficient, it affects the ability of some devices to work as they should.

electrical repairs

The electrical wiring plays a significant role in ensuring that there is adequate power supply throughout your home. The upgrade should also include switching to three-pronged plugs and grounding all electrical outlets.

Change to dimmer switches to limit the amount of electricity your lighting system uses. While at it, also take up the use of LED light bulbs. These bulbs use 90% less electricity when compared to incandescent bulbs.

Eliminate the Use of Phantom Loads

Most electronics within your home use up more energy when turned off as opposed to when they are running. Televisions, computers, VCRs, home theatre systems, stereos, and selections of kitchen appliances are the culprits.

The solution is to use power strips to plug in these devices. It also helps to make it a habit to switch the strips off between use.

Service your HVAC System Regularly

Heating and cooling account for almost three-quarters of a home’s spending on power. Inefficient heating and cooling systems can end up consuming too much power than needed. Getting your heater and air con system serviced regularly helps to fix the problem.

air conditioning service

Cleaning the ac air filters and replacing them on a regular basis ensures that the system runs efficiently. Removing debris and other clogs from the system’s ducting also enhance efficiency and reduce power consumption. Switch to a programmable thermostat to make sure that the furnace only gets used when needed.

Install ceiling fans and use them whenever necessary as opposed to the HVAC system to lower power consumption. Also, reduce the water heater temperature to reduce your electrical spending further.

Other Ways to Reduce your Electric Spending?

Some of the other methods to help keep your spending on power down include:

  •    Some towns offer cheaper electric rates during the off-peak hours making it the ideal time to do some laundry or run the dishwasher.
  •    Make the switch over to Energy Star appliances. It works best for homeowners with heating and cooling systems that are beyond ten years old.
  •    Wash laundry using cold water to skip the added power costs that come with heating the water consumed by your washing machine.


Benefits of Air Conditioning Installation

Air conditioning services utilize modern technology that alters the air properties of a room into a comfortable and favourable condition. Air conditioning units have, over the years, grown in popularity in almost every household as well as business premises. These units can be applied in all climates and servicing them is essential to ensure they are in their best working condition at all times. Numerous air conditioning service centres have been put up within our towns and cities to ensure their services are readily available with the increasing popularity of air conditioning. You can also get them in the various online platforms and websites where you can contact them when the need arises.

Benefits of Air Conditioning

There a couple of key factors that would make air conditioning essential in our daily lives. To begin with, studies have shown that it can help improve the efficiency of workers. Working in a regulated environment enables one to work limitlessly and even faster as compared to working under normal temperatures. Secondly, air conditioning promotes good health both at home and work as the air is usually cleaned and purified. Air conditioning effectively eliminates harmful dust and particles, as well as smoke, bacteria and microorganisms, adding the value of life and keeping diseases at bay.

Air conditioning services also help to reduce noise levels. Most people without an AC unit often use fans, which are well known to create unnecessary noise disrupting the normal working environment. This makes air conditioning the most appropriate as it has low noise and noise from outside is also reduced as it can operate even when doors and windows are shut. Neither your work nor sleep will be disrupted.

air conditioner installation

What to expect from an AC services provider

Quality services from a professional can really bring about lots of satisfaction and comfort. According to experts, it is recommended that you get your AC cleaned at least once per year. Preferably, you should have it cleaned during spring to ensure it’s at its best during the hotter summer season. Servicing it regularly is cost-effective as simple procedures such as replacing clogged and dirty air filters can help reduce energy consumption by up to 15 per cent. Preventative maintenance services may cost you some money. However, in the long run, it ensures that your units run effectively and efficiently.

Besides checking the air filters, there are several other services provided for a smooth run of your AC unit. Others include checking the compressor coil as well as condensate drains which may get clogged preventing humidity reduction. This could lead to excess moisture in your house, discolouring your walls or even carpet. Other services offered by air conditioning service providers include:

  • Carbon monoxide detectors installation
  • Refrigeration equipment
  • Electronic thermostats
  • Hot water boilers
  • Energy survey analysis
  • Freon leak detection
  • Heat exchanger maintenance
  • Filtration and duct cleaning, among others.

Hire a Professional

Hiring highly qualified professionals is important as it guarantees the quality of services provided, based on efficiency and effectiveness. They should be able to offer the best system maintenance and installations, check your thermostats, controls as well as the fans bearing lubrication. The best service providers will ensure that the life of your air conditioner is prolonged and is also energy and cost-effective.


Steps To Follow So As To Save On Electric Repair Services

Acquiring the best electrical repair service is very important. One cannot just hire anyone who claims he knows how to handle electricity repair. One needs to always choose a professional electrician who will provide your home with the best service there is to offer. Electrical mistakes of any kind in the repair might cost you so heavily even probably more than even money and to top all that, it will add you more difficulties.

If saving money is a major priority, do it right the first time and you wont regret or keep repeating the same repairs. With all that said, one can still save in the electrical repair being done in their home. in this article, we get to learn a few tips on what to do to save money when one need such services. Read along to find out more.

  • Purchase electric Parts to be used yourself

It’s usually a known habit for many dishonest electrical contractors to put a considerable hike up on the electrical parts prices while writing their quotation. So to save yourself from this trick, you will want to you want to buy the electrical parts and confirm and compare electrical parts charges in stores that are a little cheaper and just contract the electric repairing services only. This is one sure way to save quite an amount while carrying out your electrical repairs in ones home.

Purchasing, outlets, switches, bulbs, and lighting fixtures are comparatively easy so this shouldnt worry you. One will be capable of finding the perfect type for their homes.

electrical repairs

Ordering wirings and cables will help you also learn more about a thing or two. As long as one gets the required list of what to shop from the professionals, purchasing these parts should be a fairly easy procedure.

  • Travel Time Factor

The travelling cost can also be another factor in saving when contracting electricity or other repair services. When hiring an electrical handler, one should choose one who is closest to your where you stay. This is yet another direction you can take in trying to cut cost when paying for electrical repairs.

If your contractor has other employees to bring your home, their firm will ask you to cater for the transport fee too. The far they are from your home, the deeper one will have to part with in terms of the payment.

  • Request the service through Bidding (T&M vs. Contract)

Getting electrical contractors to bid for your electrical repair project is another crucial way of reducing the contract price. However, in emergency cases, opting for Time and Material (T&M) option is usually the best option. For minor repairs, choosing T&M is normally a good choice.

  • Going for Quality

With the aim of saving money in your electrical repair, getting quality electrical repair services should still be the foremost priority. Remember that quality service will mean that you wont have to keep on repeating the same repairs for a lot more hence ending up spending more. A service correctly done, looking at the bigger picture is cheaper in the long run.

Bottom line

What one really needs to do is to get a professional contractor who does a quality job even if one may have to cough slightly more in pricing. Hire these contractors for their services and labour and get your own electrical parts to be used. In this manner, one will end up getting the best services with trusted materials and in the long run, one will notice some difference in the whole cost of this electrical repair.

6 Electric Stove Troubleshooting Tips You Should Know

Wear and tear can lead to problems with even the most well maintained electric stoves. If you wonder if it’s time you repaired your electric stove, here is an electric stove troubleshooting guide to use to help you decide.

  1. Electric stove stops completely

This is usually because the unit is not receiving electricity. So check to find out if the unit is plugged in properly or not. If it’s a new home you have shifted to, it’s possible that the outlet is faulty.

Another possible cause is a tripped circuit breaker or a blown fuse, or a problem with the house’s main wiring connection, like a burnt wire. There is also a chance that the oven’s wiring has broken or burnt, which has to be repaired using the right wire and connectors.

  1. Coils not heating up

If the range lights are working, but one or more of the coils don’t seem to be working properly, a faulty internal ignition switch is most probably the culprit. It’s also possible that the coil element is not properly plugged in which leads to a loose connection or there’s no connection as something is stuck between the stove and element.

It’s also probably though, it’s not visible, the coil may have broken due to something heavy dropped on it or placing something cold on it while it was still hot. If it’s the first time you are using the unit, it may be that the element is not meant for the stove.

  1. Sparks appear while turning on the stove

There are various causes for these dangerous sparks. Whatever the reason may be, the stove has to be unplugged immediately and only after the coils cool down, should you look for its cause.

Extreme temperature or weight may have damaged the element or the element may not be meant for your stove. There is also a possibility that the stove top has some loose wires or connections or the coil element may have burnt out and started blistering or giving sparks. Burnt out heating elements have to be replaced as they cannot be repaired and its infinite switch controlling it has to be replaced too.  

  1. Lights showing hot burners don’t turn on

The most probable cause for this is a burnt out bulb. It’s also possible that the control switch found inside the stove is faulty.

  1. Burner temperature cannot be adjusted

This occurs when the burner gets heated and remains at high heat no matter where the knob is set and is usually caused by a faulty internal ignition switch. The circuit has to be checked for grounds and then its switch, replaced.

  1. Coils tend to move around upon placing utensils on them

This usually occurs when the wrong tray is placed under the coil. These trays not only help prevent food from leaking into the stove but also help secure the coil in place. There is also a chance that the coil is not the right size to fit your burner, which is why it tends to move when touched.

These are the main electric stove troubleshooting tips which you should be aware of so that you can have it repaired by professionals on time.


What Should Your Residential Electrical Repair Professional Bring To The Table?

Every once in a while, homeowners may need the services of residential electrical repair professionals to come and look at some electrical problems in the home. It is important only to get professionals who will ensure that the job is done right the very first time.

These are experts who should have all the necessary licenses and skills needed since electricity is a very sensitive matter.  Some of the electrical problems that a residential electrician can deal with include:

  •       Outlet repairs
  •       Lightswitch repairs
  •       Chandeliers
  •       Code correction
  •       Landscape lighting
  •       Breakers
  •       Electrical troubleshooting
  •       Ballasts
  •       Service upgrades and much more

While looking for the ideal repairmen, there are certain things that they should bring to the table, and some of them include:

Quality Services

Regardless of the size of the job, an excellent residential electrician will guarantee the very best. It is the only incentive that you get to spend money on them. The professionals should be knowledgeable in all matters electricity. They should also have immense experience and information which you can confirm from client appraisals and their track record.

electrical repairs

Never hire a residential electrician who is not comfortable answering any questions you throw at them as it could translate into sub-standard services. Look for the one who is confident and is willing to offer top-notch services that impress. Remember to find an electrician who is honest enough to let you know if they cannot handle a particular task so that you can get the right man for the job.

Fair and Reasonable Prices

As you seek residential electrical repair services, you should get reasonable prices. It is, therefore, vital to find a residential electrician who is not in the business of exploiting their clients. The best way to uncover the ideal rates for the repair work is to ask for various quotes from different service providers. Get the one that has average rates, because the lowest prices may not come with the results you desire.  It could also help if you found a residential electrician who offers special discounts and rates as it can help you save a buck or two.

Use OF Top Quality Parts

During repair, it is possible that the professionals may need to replace some parts that could not be working well or could be outdated. It is important that they only use high- quality parts so that they do not have to keep coming back after a short time to replace the same parts. Ask about the parts that they plan on using so that you can be assured that you are only getting the best.

Professional Advice

When it comes to matters electricity, you probably do not have a lot of information and are okay as long as lights and appliances are working the way they are supposed to. It is the responsibility of the expert handling residential electrical repair to offer unbiased professional advice so that you can know how to use your electrical system for a long time without any complications. If there is something that you are not doing right, the professionals should point it out so that you can always feel safe in your home.

What Do You Need to Know About Home Air Conditioning Installation

Looking to beat the heat this summer? Nothing could bring you a year-round comfort like an AC at home. So, drop everything and call your nearest air conditioning service provider for your air conditioning installation right now. A flawless installation service could bring home an ideal personalized comfort you would relish for years to come.

So, you have an Air Conditioner for your indoor. Bingo. Dial an installation service number and turn your home into an ultimate breezy comfort. Now the best-kept secret of staying fresh and cool, when the outside temperature is scorching everyone, is with you.

Wonder what it takes to get your AC installed?

It takes an expert team of professionals for your air conditioning installation. Want to know why? It’s because a smart appliance like A.C. is an intelligently programmed device that can only perform at the top when installed professionally. However, the first question you should ask yourself before calling an installation service is why you are installing it.

Why you need an air conditioning installation

Nothing beats the comfort of installing a home cooling system when you want to keep the air in your rooms cool, moisturized and well ventilated. Here, you can choose mainly between two types of ACs and they are – Central air conditioning system and mini-split air conditioning system.

air conditioner installation

Moreover, you can choose between a single-zone or multi-zone air conditioning installation solutions where the former features an indoor AC unit that is connected with the outdoor one for a single defined space control.

For the latter, you can choose to individually manipulate multiple zones in your home from one outdoor unit. This kind of installation could fetch you a person ailed comfort solution.

However, let’s look at the types of installation individually.

Types of installation:

When it comes to a Central air conditioning installation, the system offers no fuss and great control right from your regular thermostat itself. This system is well integrated into your home’s existing ductwork and does not require a bulky unit. You can control both the cooling and humidity with this type of air conditioning installation.

What’s more, you could ask your AC installer for custom ductwork as well.

Now, if your home has no existing ductwork, choose for a Ductless Air Conditioners, also known as the Mini Split. Ask your technicians to run thin cable lines through the walls and the simplicity of the transaction will not need you to break the bank. Now a wall mounting of your indoor unit will do the job.

Why need a professional installation service:

When it comes to the air conditioning installation, remember that every home is unique and so has a unique requirement in terms of its budget and energy efficiency. Here, only a professional consultation could help you identify the perfect type of air conditioning installation for your home.

aircon service

A professional installation service provider offers the following niche…

  1. Measures your indoor square footage
  2. Analyzes cold/hot zones
  3. Fine tunes energy efficiency against your electricity cost
  4. Suggests the best air filter for health benefits
  5. Offers discounts and special concession
  6. Free survey and quotation
  7. Excellent post service care
  8. 24*7 tech speak
  9. Emergency help

In a nutshell, when you need to install a smart cooling system at home, look no further and hire a trusted and rated Air Conditioner installation expert nearest to you. A professional touch will not just bring you a peace of mind, but a guarantee that your cooling machine will now be working safe and at its highest efficiency level without burning holes in your pocket. Call your installation experts now.


When Do You Need To Call An Electrician

Whether you live in a newly built home or an older house, the chances are that you need some form of electrical upgrades or repairs.

The changing electrical code requirements have seen to it that homes become safer. Homeowners need to implement these changes and also keep up with technology changes. Then let’s face it, most people give electrical problems a DIY fix-it try. So, when do you need to call an electrician?

  1. You Keep Having Power Outages

The circuit breakers might keep tripping often, or your fuse blows up frequently. The issue comes from the electric circuits drawing excess electric current than needed.

The problem if left unaddressed could potentially affect several circuits around your home. It also signals to a dangerous fault that could spark up other issues. Naturally, the issue is one you will need an electrician to fix.

  1. Appliances Cause Your Lights To Flicker Or Dim Out

When using some electrical appliances, you may notice that they create light flickers or dimming. Now, you should not live with this problem like most people do because it does not entirely affect your lighting.

The appliances that use motors cause light flickering because they draw excess electrical current. An electrician can create dedicated circuits for such machines to solve the problem.

  1. You Need To Switch To Newer Grounded Plugs

Most older homes cannot accommodate the newer three-prong ground plugs. The situation presents potential safety risks because it means that your home is not sufficiently grounded.

Older homes also feature electrical cords and wiring that run under rugs or along skirting boards. It presents potential electrical risks and means that you need some rewiring done. An electrician can install additional power outlets for enhanced safety.

  1. You Have Discolored Switch Plates

Carrying out regular checks on your switch comes is important to catch on to potential issues. Lightly touch outlets and other electrical surfaces. If you feel a warm or tingly feeling, then you need to call an electrician.

Discoloured or blackened switch plates point out to a range of problems. Also, check for any loose wire ends because they can produce mild shocks. An electrical professional can assess and fix these issues.

  1. Your Home Does Not Fully Comply With Electrical Codes

Running any standard home comes with a fair set of financial obligations related to fixings and repairs. Most homeowners put off the need to upgrade to newer or safer systems. The same applies to electrical systems and complying with electrical codes.

The bathroom and kitchen electrical systems need regular electrical updating with protected electrics. Wetter areas around the home pose a danger because of residual moisture problems.

Older homes need electrical updates to prevent age-related electrical damages. For instance, if you have cloth covered wires then you need an electrician to replace them with plastic covers.

Do not perform electrical repairs because many have suffered from electrical shocks in the process. Get a certified electrician to handle your electrical faults for safety reasons and to get your electrical problems properly addressed.

Technicians to Avoid When Searching for A Competent Electrical Contractor in Adelaide

Having ready contacts of a reliable electrical contractor Adelaide is crucial as it makes sure you are covered in case you face an electrical emergency. Note that electrical problems are one of the leading causes of building fires and other accidents, thus; any electrical concerns should be raised to a professional and licensed contractor.

Finding a reputable electrical professional may not be too easy. This is because there are numerous companies you can choose from. Some hell-bent on offering pathetic services, while some go out of their way to ensure that clients are happy.

While looking at certifications & licenses, continuing education, experience, rates, insurance, and quality of work, among other factors, there are electricians that you should never think of hiring such as:

Electricians Who Market Their Services Door to Door

A highly regarded electrical technician should not be desperate enough to move door to door telling people about their services. Some factors that would most likely lead to this include:

  • Poor work ethics
  • Ineffectiveness
  • Bad records
  • Lack of referrals

Remember that an electrician is someone who will access your home or business and you do not want a person with sticky fingers or one who has no clue what they are supposed to be doing.

residential electrician

Another tip is that you should be wary of anyone who claims to be an electrician yet they use obscure cell phone cameras to take photos of your premise. These are probably scrupulous individuals who are up to no good.

Electricians Who Pass Out Flyers At Street Corners

There is no way a reliable electrical contractor Adelaide will spend hours on end, passing out flyers at street corners. It is not to say that they cannot market themselves this way, as it is one of the cost-effective ways of making their services known. They could have someone else do the job for them so that if you receive a flyer, you can go ahead and check their credibility before you decide whether it is worth working with the expert.

Electricians Who Propose Very Low Rates

As you are looking for an incredible electrician, it helps to compare the different prices that different professionals charge for various tasks. It will let you in on the average amount you are supposed to spend so that you are not exploited in any way.

Be wary of the technicians who want to sweeten the deal with below average market prices. Most of the time, they are only out to waste your time. After they are done, you might have to call in other professionals to repair the damage they have done with their cheap labour as they frequently use low-quality materials.

You should also avoid any electrical contractor in Adelaide who does not want to sign a working contract before they begin a job. It goes to show that they can change their mind anytime they want and there will be nothing to protect your interests. Remember to stay vigilant and look out for yourself so that you can enjoy top-notch electrical services.

Reducing Your Energy Costs: Five Great Tips To Follow

If you are an Australian resident, then you know that the price rates of both electricity and gas are projected to increase dramatically over the course of the next few years. Regarding power, household electricity utility costs are expected to increase at an average cost of three per cent annually, and this will significantly depend on location within the nation.

We are all responsible for energy use in our homes. Whether you are just a student, a private renter or a homeowner, there are numerous things you can do so as to reduce your monthly electric utility costs. So let us examine in excruciating details some practical and proven energy-saving tips for homeowners. Peruse through the article and enhance your knowledge.

  1. Draught proofing.

This is arguably one of the easiest ways of reducing your electricity bills. If you didn’t know, draughts not only make your home uncomfortable but increases your heating costs by close to twenty per cent. Every house consists of small air leaks known as draughts. Draught proofing involves the process of identifying and fixing those small leaks so as to make your home more comfortable and energy efficient. Draughts serve the same purpose as ventilation, by letting more fresh air into your home. Good ventilation plays a role in reducing damp and condensation thereby helping to cool down a hot house. But, draughts cannot be controlled, and will occasionally let in excess cold air resulting in the wastage of too much heat.

To efficiently and successfully draught proof your entire house, you should seek the help of a qualified, experienced and a licensed electrician. Melbourne electricians will block the gaps in your windows, fireplaces, air outlets, floorboards, vents, exposed beams and rafters as well as the spaces around built-in heaters and HVAC. Draught proofing prevents warm air from escaping your home during the winter period and hot air from entering in summer, thereby saving you money and making your house more comfortable.

  1. Limit the duration of your showers.

Because the water coming from your shower heads is supposed to be hot, showers are potential energy hogs. Typically, they are one of the biggest consumers of hot water in your home, accounting for almost seventeen per cent of your total household electricity bills, and this is according to the department of energy. So reducing your consumption of hot water will offer some advantages, including water saving and energy costs. Even though there is no set standard duration of how you should take a shower, you can somehow manage the amount of time you typically spend in your bathroom.

  1. Consider minor modifications in your home.

The prospect of replacing old bulbs with modern ones which are energy-efficient LED (light-emitting diode) is a decent way to start. The current LED light bulbs are available in a variety of shapes, sizes with incredible energy-saving capabilities. What’s more, they are believed to last longer, than their previous counterparts. You can always consult your local electrician for advice, regarding the best bulb for your home needs.

Regular use of air conditioners, as well as heaters, can lead to high levels of energy consumption, especially during the summer and winter periods. Again, you should ensure that your air vents are not blocked by other objects such as furniture and that air can freely flow to all parts of your home.

  1. Unplug your unused electronics.

Did you know that Standby power can account for nearly ten per cent of your average household annual energy consumption? Interestingly, studies show that even chargers consume energy when they are not in use. Through this way, you may save up to fifty US dollars a year.

  1. Manage your thermostat.

The correct heating controls will allow you to keep your home at a comfortable temperature, without wasting lots of energy. There are numerous companies which offer more advanced control systems for central domestic heating, typically known as smart heating controls. Such settings will allow you to effectively manage your heating controls remotely from a tablet, computer or even a smartphone. As such, you can schedule your heating and hot water to go on and off according to your current needs. Additionally, you may decide to select areas of your home to heat as well as the required temperature for every room rather than heating the entire house at the same temperature.

The Bottom Line.

With the energy costs expected to be on the rise, it is a good idea to consider some tips which may allow you to save on your monthly energy bills. We have given you top tips to reduce your energy bills significantly.

What Makes a Master Electrician

Taking on a renovation project in your home? Any kind of home improvement project takes a lot of time and effort, even if you have people working for you. To begin with, finding the right people to work for you is already a time-consuming activity, though it is incredibly crucial.

When it comes to the electrical aspect of your home improvement project, it’s essential that you find the right electrician to do the job. And depending on the complexity of the job, you might actually want to get a master electrician to work on your project.

But first things first – what is a master electrician? What are the differences between a master electrician and a regular, generic electrician? What should I expect from the work of a master electrician? What should I expect to pay for the services of a master electrician? Read on for a crash course on this matter.

What is a Master Electrician?

Like any other profession, becoming a master electrician requires several things. Depending on the area you live in, these requirements may vary.

Master electricians are responsible for setting up electrical systems in homes and other buildings. They are also called to make sure these electrical systems are running smoothly and without a hitch.

A master electrician would get his license by taking and passing a number of exams as well as providing proof of his work experience as an electrician. Having been educated or have received vocational training, an associate’s degree, or a bachelor degree in the field such as in electrical engineering will also be considered in various states and may actually lower the number of years of experience needed before someone is eligible for a master electrician license.

A master electrician, as the title implies, is an electrician at the top of his field. Because of his extensive knowledge and experience, he is able to take on the most complex electrical projects, and this is because he has graduated from being an apprentice electrician and a journeyman.

What is the difference between a master electrician, an apprentice electrician and a journeyman?

These three types of electricians are based on the level of experience and knowledge within the field, with the master electrician as the most knowledgeable and experienced, while the apprentice electrician is the least knowledgeable and experienced.

A master electrician can lead the most complex electrical projects and supervise an apprentice electrician and a journeyman. On the other hand, an apprentice electrician, because of his limited experience, must always work under the watchful eye of a supervisor. A journeyman is more experienced than an apprentice electrician, and can, therefore, be left to work on his own, as long as he has some form of guidance from a master electrician.

An apprentice electrician must work between three to six years as such before being able to progress to a journeyman. He will also be required to have received some formal education on basic electricity and the electrical code.

A journeyman actually has the license to operate on his own, though he must often follow the directions and leadership of a master electrician.